site index |
image
graphic
North Dakota Department of Health
info box
agents & threats
emerging health issues
health alerts
preparation and safety
in an emergency
resources and links
current topics
county specific information
contact information
translations
redacted plans
Secure HAN site

subscribe
spacer
divider

Chemical Agents
Chemical agents are poisonous chemical compounds that injure or kill people through contact, inhalation or ingestion. Chemical agents can be classified in five broad categories: Nerve agents, Blister agents, Blood agents, Choking agents, or Irritants

Chemical agents have been used on the battlefield to kill or injure the enemy. In World War I, phosgene, chlorine and mustard agents were all used with deadly effects. More recently, agents have been used in the Middle East.

Terrorists have used chemical agents against civilians. Terrorist incidents in Japan in 1994 and 1995 caused worldwide reconsideration of chemical warfare agents as terrorist weapons. Iraq is reported to have used chemical agents against both the Iranians and the Kurds.

Chemical agents may be delivered in various forms, including gas, liquid or aerosol. They can be non-persistent lasting for only several minutes or persistent remaining effective for weeks. Chemical agent clouds can cover large areas and drift into open windows, foxholes and bunkers to cause casualties.

How To Recognize if Chemical Agents Have Been Used
    download related materials

Sarin Nerve Gas
    download related materials

Sulfur Mustard (Mustard Gas)
    download related materials

VX
    download related materials

divider
homebackreturn to topdivider
image
divider
divder
dividerdivider

 

North Dakota Department of Health Emergency Preparedness & Response Section
918 East Divide Avenue, Bismarck, ND 58505, 701.328.2270

agents & threats | emerging health issues | health alerts | preparation & safety | in an emergency | resources & links
webcasts & training | current topics | county specific information | contact information | translations
homeland security | north dakota department of health | site index | advanced search

Copyright © 2003, Health Alert Network